Below is a table containing a partial list of vegetable crops grown in different parts of the world. Specifically, these are crop plants from which edible flowers and seeds are commonly used in the preparation of “vegetable” dishes. These plant organs, as well as fruits, are reproductive parts rather than vegetative (the root, stem, and leaves).
The examples given for flower vegetables are not exhaustive. In addition to those highlighted by Peel (2004) under major types of vegetables, the following were also listed as having edible flowers: viola (Viola odorata), nasturtium (Tropaaeolum majus), calendula (Calendula officinalis), carnation (Dianthus spp.), daisy (Bellis perennis), elderflower, roses, and sunflower (Helianthus annuus). To further view a list of plants with edible flowers, click here.
The same goes for the list of vegetables with edible seeds. Take note also that all the listed seed vegetables are legumes.
|CROP NAME||SCIENTIFIC NAME||FAMILY||COLLECTIVE NAME FOR MEMBERS|
OF THE FAMILY, OTHER INFO
Examples of Flower Vegetables
|Artichoke, globe artichoke||Cynara scolymus||Asteraceae/Compositae||Sunflower or Aster family|
|Broccoli||Brassica oleracea, Italica group||Brassicaceae/Cruciferae||Mustard family|
|Cauliflower||Brassica oleracea, Botrytis group||Brassicaceae/Cruciferae||Mustard family|
|Cooking banana, plantain, cardava||Musa sp.||Musaceae||Banana family; largely grown for mature fruits but the male inflorescence is used as an ingredient in the preparation of many vegetable dishes; timely removal of the male inflorescence from developing fruit bunches is an established practice in banana plantations.|
|West Indian pea, agati, katuray||Sesbania grandiflora||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family, also called Legumes; newly opened flowers are harvested|
Examples of Seed Vegetables
|Cowpea, Black-eyed pea||Vigna unguiculata syn. Vigna sinensis||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family, also called Legumes|
|Fava bean||Vicia faba||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family|
|Lima bean, patani||Phaseolus lunatus||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family|
|Hyacinth bean, bataw||Dolichos lablab syn. Lablab purpureus||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family|
|Mung bean, mungbean, mungo||Vigna radiata||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family|
|Pea, garden pea, snap pea||Pisum sativum||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family|
|Pigeon pea, kadios||Cajanus cajan||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family|
(Ben G. Bareja, June 20, 2015)