John Deere 318 Reviews: Best Garden Tractor Ever! Yes or No?

John Deere 318 tractor is a perfect solution if you need a smaller, more compact garden tractor. And our John Deere tractor reviews will show you why.

So, if you want to know more about the main features, specs, power, and performance, inspect the guide, and decide whether or not the yellow-green machine is the best option for you.

Key Points:

  • The tractor was the most popular garden model back in the day due to comfort, power steering features, and drum brakes on the rear wheels.
  • It could use two engine types, and you could pick a better model based on your needs and operations.
  • The tractor was ideal for medium and large gardens and lawns.
  • Due to various attachments and controls, farmers could use the tractor for daily and night performances.

John Deere 318 Specs: All You Need to Know

John Deere lawn tractors are the most efficient on the market. The same applies to the John Deere 318 lawn tractor.

But, if you’re still wondering if the machine is suitable for you, pay attention to the details below.

John Deere 318 history

where are the points on a john deere 318

The John Deere 318 tractor was a well-known lawn tractor produced by John Deere in Horicon, Wisconsin. The garden tractor belonged to John Deere 300 Series, and the production year took place between 1983 and 1992, so the machine is still young.

The John Deere 318 tractor was sold for the original price of $5,099 (1983) and later $5,650 (1989). In addition, the John Deere tractors from the 300 Series had the following variants:

  • 318 – air-cooled gas
  • 322 – liquid-cooled gas
  • 332 – diesel

The serial numbers also changed during the production so that farmers could find the following numbers for the correct replacement parts:

  • 1983 M00318X222001
  • 1984 M00318X285001
  • 1985 M00318X315001
  • 1986 M00318X360001
  • 1987 M00318X420001
  • 1988 M00318X475001
  • 1989 M00318X595001
  • 1990 M00318X010001
  • 1991 M00318X100001
  • 1992 M00318X110001
  • Final M00318X120000

John Deere 318 dimensions

The John Deere 318 is an excellent lawn tractor, perfect for lawn mowing, and utilizes multiple attachments.

Due to small and compact dimensions and tires, the garden tractor quickly and easily moves around, and the weight features help you finish all garden tasks efficiently.

Overall dimension specs

Length 68.5 inches (173 cm)
Height 44 inches (111 cm)
Width 44 inches (111 cm)
Wheelbase 46 inches (116 cm)
Operating weight 836 lbs (379 kg)
Shipping weight 780 lbs (353 kg)
Max front axle 790 lbs (358 kg)
Max rear axle 1200 lbs (544 kg)

John Deere 318 engine

The John Deere 318 tractor was famous for its ease of use and operator comfort. However, many owners claimed the lawn tractor was also ideal for its engine upgrade, unlike other garden tractors in that period.

Thus, the 318 lawn tractors used two engines, and the second engine model replaced the first in 1987 due to a higher displacement and RPM rating.

However, both engines offered the same power – 18 horsepower each.

In addition, the fast idle engine speed was 3450 RPM without load, and the low idle engine speed was 1350 RPM. But let’s see their specs for a better understanding.

Engine specs

Engine type 18HP Onan 709cc two-cylinder gasoline Engine type18HP Onan 781cc two-cylinder gasoline
Engine model Onan engine B43GgasolineTwo-cylinder four-valveair-cooled horizontal-shaft opposed twinEngine model Onan engine P218gasolinetwo-cylinderair-cooled horizontal-shaft opposed twin
Displacement 709 cc (43.3 ci)Displacement 781 cc (47.7 ci)
Bore/stroke 3.25 x 2.62 inches (83 x 67 mm)Bore/stroke3.25 x 2.88 inches (83 x 73 mm) 
Power (gross)18 hp (13.4 kW)Power (gross)18 HP (13.4 kW)
Air cleanerfoam and paperCompression7:1
Compression 6.5:1Idle RPM 1350-3450
Idle RPM 1350-3450Torque 31 lb-ft (42.0 Nm)
Starter volts 12Torque RPM2200
Sparkplug JD AM38622  NGK BPR5EFS  Motorcraft AGSF32Starter volts 12
Sparkplug gap 0.025 inches (0.635 mm)Sparkplug NGK BPR5EFSChampion RS14YC
Sparkplug gap 0.025 inches (0.635 mm)
Oil capacity 1.75 qts (1.7 l)Oil capacity 1.75 qts (1.7 l)

John Deere 318 mechanical

how much can a john deere 318g lift

The John Deere 318 is a 2WD tractor with an open operator station and hydrostatic power steering for maximum control and comfort. Thus, the machine is a perfect tractor for multiple law tasks, but the quality makes it perfect.

Refer to the table for more key features.

Mechanical specs

Chassis Two-wheel drive 
Steering Hydrostatic power steering 
Brakes Differential mechanical drum brakes
Cab Open operator station 
Fuel capacity 4.5 gal (17 l)
Hydraulic system capacity 1.2 gal (4.5 l)
Front valves2
Transmission Hydrostatic 

John Deere 318 transmission

The John Deere 318 offers hydrostatic transmission with infinite forward and reverses gears. Thanks to this mechanical ability of the relatively new tractor, it is ideal for unusual terrains, as you can adjust the speed and gears for multiple operations.

Transmission specs

Transmission Sundstrand Series 15 Model 90 
Type Shaft-driven hydrostatic 
Gears Infinite forward and reverse gears 
Oil capacity 5 qts (4.7 l)
Forward speed 7.3 mph (12.4 km/h)
Reverse speed 3.7 mph (6.2 km/h)

John Deere 318 Power Take-off

The John Deere 318 is also specific for its Power Take-Off system. The model uses two PTOs. Front and rear PTOs are independent, and both systems use electric clutches.

You will be safe while driving the tractor, as the tractor’s electromagnetic clutches offer maximum protection.

So, the John Deere 318 is an excellent tractor for all the attachments necessary for gardens, lawns, and front-end loaders.

PTO specs

Rear PTOIndependent 
Clutch Electric 
Rear RPM 2000
Front PTO Independent 
Clutch Electric 
Front RPM 3600

John Deere 318 electrical system

The JD 318 model is similar to other tractors, as it needs 12 volts for optimal performance. However, the battery quality of the batter prolongs its life, offering better performance and prolonged working hours for the engine and electrical system in general.

Electrical system specs

Ground Negative 
Charging system Alternator 
Charging amps20
Battery CCA255
Battery volts 12

John Deere 318 tires

Tires are essential for multiple operations, and farmers don’t like leaving muddy traces afterward.

Also, the tractor weight must be appropriately supported with the correct wheel weights. So let’s see what kind of tires the John Deere 318 tractor has.

Tire specs

Ag front 4.80 4.00-8
Ag rear 23 x 10.50
Lawn/turf front 16 x 6.50-8
Lawn/turf rear23 x 10.50-12

John Deere 318 Three-point hitch

Three-point tractor hitches are ideal for all farming tasks, as you can easily attach various tractor attachments and finish your operations effortlessly.

The 318 tractor also offers such a possibility, and you can find multiple attachments such as snow blowers, mower decks, and similar implements for effective and efficient job completion.

Refer to the specs for more information.

Tractor hitch specs

Rear type 0
Control Non-position control 
Rear lift (at 24”/610 mm)640 lbs (290 kg)

John Deere 318 attachments 

The tractor uses the following attachments for all heavy-duty and lighter operations:

  • 38” mid-mount mower deck 
  • 46” mid-mount mower deck 
  • 50” mid-mount mower deck 
  • 46” snow blower
  • 47” snow blower
  • Blade
  • Front-end loader

All the implements are high-quality, durable, and vital for more robust uses. Below you can find the specs for the best service.

Mower deck specs

Mower deck type38” mower deck 46” mower deck 50” mower deck 
Mower deck model John Deere BM16600John Deere M00595John Deere BM16377
Length 38 inches (96 cm)46 inches (116 cm)50 inches (127 cm)
Width 49.7 inches (126 cm)57 inches (144 cm)68 inches (172 cm)
Number of blades 2-blade 3-blade3-blade
Lift type Hydraulic lift  Hydraulic lift Hydraulic lift 
Discharge type Right-discharge  Right-discharge Right-discharge 
Cut height 1-4 inches (2-10 cm)1.5-5 inches (3-12 cm)1.5-4 inches (3-10 cm)
Weight 100 lbs (45 kg)116 lbs (52 kg)186 lbs (84 kg)
Belt type John Deere M89090 (primary)John Deere M71729 (primary)John Deere M82538 (secondary)John Deere M82718 (primary)John Deere M41668 (secondary)John Deere M82718 (primary)John Deere M41668 (secondary)

And, here are the main specs for the JD 44 loader:

JD 44 loader specs

Loader weight 500 lbs (226 kg)
Height to pin 71.5 inches (181 cm)
Clearance, dumped bucket 21 inches (53 cm)
Dump angle 50 degrees 
Reach at ground 44 inches (111 cm)
Rollback angle 20 degrees 
Breakout force (bucket)575 lbs (260 kg)
Lift to full height (at pin)400 lbs (181 kg)
Bucket capacity 0.21 cu yd
0.2 cu m
0.24 cu yd
0.2 cu m
Bucket width 48 inches (121 cm)
54 inches (137 cm)

The most reliable JD 318 buying tips

Here are some valuable tips for choosing a good 318 model.

Remember that the assembly line nowadays might be in a better condition due to full use and the years of production. However, the tips below will be helpful when choosing an optimal JD 318 tractor.

  • Check for rust on the frame and inner parts
  • Inspect general wear and tear to see the condition
  • Examine the possible leaks under the tractor
  • Inspect the broken tail lights if any
  • Look for the grass clippings and check their location in the engine compartment or the rear axle
  • Examine the performance to see possible unusual noises
  • Ensure the mower decks, hood, and other attachments are newer models with no damage
  • Inspect the possible rust
  • Check if the tractor starts quickly

Is John Deere 318 valuable?

how much does a john deere 318 weight

Below, you can find some advantages and disadvantages of the model to determine its value.


  • Durability – the tractor offers extended working hours and lasts for years, even with full use.
  • Electromagnetic clutch – ensures safety while riding the machine.
  • Annunciator light – helps with the night work. It’s located on the dashboard to use the snow blower or loaders to move heavy equipment.
  • Hydrostatic power steering – for the effortless maneuvering of the machine; comfortable and effortless operations for maximum efficiency
  • Rugged for all terrains – suitable for hills and flat surfaces


  • Difficult to find the machine – nowadays, you need to consult your John Deere dealer and visit local auctions to see whether the tractor is still selling. It’s hard to find it available.
  • Parts are difficult to find – only some are lucky enough to easily see all the details and attachments. You need to dig a bit and find the available models.

What are the alternatives?

The most popular tractors next to the JD 318 were the JD316 and the JD 322. But first, let’s see their differences.

JD 318 vs. 316

  • Both tractors share a robust frame so that they will last for an extended period
  • 316 does not have the power steering like 318
  • 316 only has one spool valve
  • 316 doesn’t have split or dual brakes, whereas 318 has
  • 316 has a smaller price than the JD 318

JD 318 vs. 322

  • 322 uses a quieter engine, and with proper maintenance, it can last up to 4000 working hours
  • 322 offers too many parts, and old extensions that are hard to find
  • 322 doesn’t provide a hydro cooler
  • The radiator in 322 is a bit undersized
  • 322 comes with a higher price tag than 318


If you think the JD 318 is the best option for your gardens and lawns, hurry and find it now.

Although it might be hard to find all available models, please get in touch with your authorized dealers and visit local auctions to find the best price.

Even though it might be an older machine, the tractor will last for a few years and serve for more robust use.

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Ben Bareja

Ben Bareja, the owner-founder-webmaster of This website was conceptualized primarily to serve as an e-library for reference purposes on the principles and practices in crop science, including basic botany. Read more here

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