Below is a partial list of vegetables (or vegetable crops) with edible botanical roots. The scientific names, family, and other relevant information are likewise supplied.
This is Page 1 of five web pages. This provides some examples of vegetable crops having vegetative part (roots) that is used in the preparation of “vegetable” dishes or recipes. Those with other edible vegetative parts (stems and leaves) and reproductive parts (flowers, fruits and seeds) are treated in other separate pages.
Some plant species which are largely grown as agronomic crops are given as examples merely to provide information that they are also utilized as food crops with edible parts that are used in culinary preparation. If such is the case, the information is reflected in the fourth column.
With few exceptions, the botany of modified underground organs were confirmed from Kawakami (1978) and the family names from Simpson (2010). Major families are color coded for ease in compiling a list of vegetables under the same families.
For definitions of the types of vegetables, click here.
Table LV-1. List of vegetables (vegetable crops) in which the edible part of the plant body consists mainly of the root.
|CROP NAME||SCI. NAME||FAMILY||COLLECTIVE NAME FOR MEMBERS|
OF THE FAMILY, OTHER INFO
|Arrowroot, uraro||Maranta arundinacea||Araceae||Arum family; the botanical name of the underground storage organ is tuberous root (Kawakami 1978)|
|Beet||Beta vulgaris||Amaranthaceae||Amaranth family, including Chenopodiaceae; the botanical name of the underground storage organ is fleshy root (Kawakami 1978)|
|Cassava, tapioca, manioc||Manihot esculenta||Euphorbiaceae||Spurge family; the botanical name of the underground storage organ is tuberous root; young leaves are also eaten cooked; generally classified as a starchy root crop (agronomic crop)|
|Carrot||Daucus carota||Apiaceae/Umbelliferae||Carrot family; fleshy root|
|Parsnip||Pastinaca sativa||Apiaceae/Umbelliferae||Carrot family; fleshy root|
|Raddish||Raphanus sativus||Brassicaceae/Cruciferae||Mustard family, also called Cole Crops and Crucifers; fleshy root|
|Rutabaga, swede||Brassica napus||Brassicaceae/Cruciferae||Mustard family, also called Cole Crops and Crucifers; fleshy root|
|Salsify, Oyster plant, Vegetable oyster||Tragopogon porrifolius||Asteraceae/Compositae||Sunflower or Aster family|
|Scorzonera, Black salsify||Scorzonera hispanica||Asteraceae/Compositae||Sunflower or Aster family|
|Sweet potato, camote||Ipomoea batatas||Convolvulaceae||Morning Glory/Bindweed family; tuberous root; young leaves and stems (camote tops) are also eaten cooked or blanched; mainly grown as a starchy root crop (agronomic crop)|
|Turnip||Brassica rapa||Brassicaceae/Cruciferae||Mustard family, also called Cole Crops and Crucifers; tuberous root|
|Yam bean, singkamas||Pachyrrhizus erosus||Fabaceae/Leguminosae||Bean/Pea family, also called Legumes; tuberous root; enlarged root is mainly consumed raw like a dessert fruit; young pods (fruits) are also eaten cooked|
(Ben G. Bareja, June 16, 2015)