Top Agricultural Commodities Produced Worldwide
and in These Six Countries
Ben G. Bareja, Aug. 2014

Wonder what are the different agricultural commodities produced worldwide? Wonder which of these top the list and which any country produce most? Which of these commodities are crop based, that is, derived from agricultural crops? 

What are the top commodities produced in, by way of example, the United States of America, United Kingdom, South Africa, India, Australia and the Philippines? Want also to know what possibly are the major crops in the world and in any country?

Seeking to shed light on these questions, I had to refer to the online lists provided by FAOStat, the statistics division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. From its top 10 and top 50 lists, I made a table of top 20 crop-based agricultural commodities in the world and in six selected countries. 

To come up with the data, I disregarded from the FAOStat lists the crop groupings and the nes or not elsewhere specified (example fruit, pulses, and vegetables, fresh nes). These are broad groupings which do not specify the crops covered in each grouping. Those which are obviously animal in origin (such as meat, milk and eggs) were likewise excluded. Here’s the table:

Table AC-1.Top 20 agricultural commodities from specific crops produced in the World, the United States of America, United Kingdom, South Africa, India, Australia, and Philippines as of 2012. Ranking is by production tonnage with the smaller number (example 1) having higher volume compared to bigger number (example 2) (reconstructed from FAOStat 2014).

1 sugar cane maize wheat sugar cane sugar cane wheat sugar cane
2 maize soybeans sugar beet maize rice, paddy sugar cane rice, paddy
3 rice, paddy wheat barley potatoes wheat barley coconuts
4 wheat sugar beet potatoes wheat potatoes rapeseed bananas
5 potatoes sugar cane rapeseed grapes bananas sorghum maize
6 sugar beet potatoes carrots
and turnips
oranges maize cottonseed pineapples
7 cassava tomatoes oats apples tomatoes grapes cassava
8 soybeans rice, paddy onions, dry soybeans onions, dry potatoes mangoes,
9 tomatoes oranges cabbages and
other brassicas
onions, dry mangoes,
oats sweet potatoes
10 barley grapes apples sunflower seed soybeans lupins pumpkins,
squash and
11 sweet potatoes sorghum broad beans,
horse beans, dry
cotton lint eggplants
12 watermelons cottonseed cauliflowers
and broccoli
maize, greencottonseed rice, paddy tomatoes
13 bananas barley peas, green bananas milletchick peas papayas
14 onions, dry apples lettuce and
pears coconuts lentils rubber, natural
15 apples maize, green strawberries grapefruit
(inc. pomelos)
cassava maize cashew nuts,
with shell
16 cabbages and
other brassicas
lettuce and
tomatoes barleycabbages and
other brassicas
broad beans,
horse beans,
cabbages and other brassicas
17 oranges cotton lint mushrooms and
lemons and
chick peas oranges onions, dry
18 grapes onions, dry cucumbers
and gherkins
squash and
and broccoli
tomatoes potatoes
19 cucumbers
and gherkins
with shell
peas, dry carrots and
rapeseed onions, dry string beans
20 rapeseed watermelons triticale peaches and
okra peas, dry taro (cocoyam)

Maize refers to mature corn grains as distinguished from green maize which includes sweet corn. Cassava should refer to cassava roots there being a separate entry for cassava leaves. 

For clarity, the rank numbers in the above table are not necessarily the same rank provided in the FAOStat lists (link to FAOStat Home page is provided below). However, all of the commodities listed in this table are among the top 50 agricultural commodities which FAOStat listed for each of the specified region. The year 2012 is its most recent release of production statistics. Further, the table does not specify the mode of disposal of any commodity, i.e., whether mainly domestic or exported.

Source: FAOSTAT. 2014. Food and Agricultural commodities production /Commodities by regions. Retrieved Aug. 19, 2014 from

Read more: Top Country Producers of Agricultural Crop Commodities

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