The molave trees are uniquely versatile and should deserve more vigorous attention. Their specific uses are so numerous that it is quite impossible to make a complete list. To generalize, they are used in the form of round logs or posts, sliced lumber, driftwood, or intact live plants, and also as fuel, fodder for livestocks and as herbal medicine.
trees must have been used a thousand different ways since the distant past.
Some logs or lumber have survived the ravages of time and seem to have surfaced
to declare that they are part of the country’s historical heritage.
ancient dug-out log coffins were discovered in Panhutongan, Surigao del Norte. The
pit burials were of the period 16th to 17th centuries AD, but wood from one
coffin was radiocarbon dated to AD 140±390. It was established that at
least one of the coffins was of molave wood (De la Torre 1996).
are those ”hand-carved 17th-century seats of molave” in the choir loft. These
are found in the San Agustin Church in Ilocos Norte, built from 1694 to 1710
and now one of the Baroque Churches of the Philippines declared as World
Heritage Site by the UNESCO (Wikipedia 2013).
would'nt be surprised if these massive churches were built with some pieces of
molave log or lumber. In my grandfather’s hometown in Matalom, Leyte, there is
that magnifescent baroque church at the center of town. It was constructed in the 1800’s.
The church has a tall bell tower at one side to the left of the main entrance. To my recollection, the church had walls about 1 meter thick made of large blocks of limestone rocks piled upward, with reddish-brown roofing made of clay.
then so agile in my teens and I made it one of my pasttimes to collect guano.
It’s amazing how in just a few days a small amount of guano could trigger
vigorous growth response from pechay. I collected guano which accumulated on
the ceiling of the church and used it to fertilize the vegetable plants in my garden
plot. I found a way to climb upward through the bell tower, treaded through a
narrow ledge up on the front wall, and then entered into the ceiling via an
opening vertically aligned to the main entrance.
There inside supporting the roof but concealed from below by the ceiling are those large wooden trusses made of molave lumber. Indeed, the versatile uses of molave trees find application in the construction of massive structures.
mother’s hometown in South Cotabato, now Sarangani, our wooden two-story
ancestral home still stands. The posts, stair, a door, and most of the flooring
are made of molave lumber that were sliced using the two-man saw, also referred
to as the you-pull-I-pull saw of the old days.
still the molave pestle (lusong),
consisting of a section of a trunk in which a hollow was carved inward. In the
past this pestle and a wood mortar were used in pounding upland paddy rice to
separate the grains from the hulls, in processing pinipig, in extracting the beans from coffee berries, in “finishing”
large corn grits to remove the sharp texture after cooked, and in preparing
wood pestle has already moved to the city. We still use it, though only
occasionally, to pound small quantities of coffee berries harvested from a few
trees in the farm. The small cabinet with baroque-inspired legs, which my grandfather
himself built, has likewise survived. It too has migrated to the city and remained
obvious, however, that the versatility of molave trees has further evolved. The
molave bonsai using the tugas lanhan
type has become one of the favorites in the art of plant miniatures. In
addition, aged and rotted parts of the tree, including stumps and those crooked
or twisted stems and branches, have found new uses in furniture making,
accents, and other artistic creations.
rotted, rugged, crooked, irregularly shaped hardwood rejects of the past have
transformed into one of the most unique, eye-catching, high-priced markettable
works of art of today.
it is only the molave tree of the tugas lanhan type which produce those crooked
stems and branches, and hard and resistant to rotting too, in sufficient quantity. Wide, flat platforms with
irregularly shaped edges can be obtained from other tree species, but not those
uniquely shaped branches. Consequently, the surge in demand has led to the depletion
of natural stands of the tugas lanhan. Worst, the tree’s natural habitat is not
only replanted, it is rapidly being invaded by the neem tree (Azadirachta indica).
Now, why doesn’t anyone who is able create the supply? Or at least give it a serious thought? Molave trees should also be a viable alternative for tree planting and agroforestry. With its long life span, versatile uses, and resistance to rotting, it should likewise be an ideal choice for carbon sequestration to mitigate global warming. As to planting materials, the molave tree can be mass propagated using seeds and stem cuttings.