Wonder what are the different agricultural commodities produced worldwide? Wonder which of these top the list and which any country produce most? Which of these commodities are crop based, that is, derived from agricultural crops?
What are the top commodities produced in, by way of example, the United States of America, United Kingdom, South Africa, India, Australia and the Philippines? Want also to know what possibly are the major crops in the world and in any country?
Seeking to shed light on these questions, I had to refer to the online lists provided by FAOStat, the statistics division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. From its top 10 and top 50 lists, I made a table of top 20 crop-based agricultural commodities in the world and in six selected countries.
To come up with the data, I disregarded from the FAOStat lists the crop groupings and the nes or not elsewhere specified (example fruit, pulses, and vegetables, fresh nes). These are broad groupings which do not specify the crops covered in each grouping. Those which are obviously animal in origin (such as meat, milk and eggs) were likewise excluded. Here’s the table:
|1||sugar cane||maize||wheat||sugar cane||sugar cane||wheat||sugar cane|
|2||maize||soybeans||sugar beet||maize||rice, paddy||sugar cane||rice, paddy|
|6||sugar beet||potatoes||carrots |
|8||soybeans||rice, paddy||onions, dry||soybeans||onions, dry||potatoes||mangoes,|
|9||tomatoes||oranges||cabbages and |
|onions, dry||mangoes, |
|11||sweet potatoes||sorghum||broad beans, |
horse beans, dry
|maize, green||cottonseed||rice, paddy||tomatoes|
|13||bananas||barley||peas, green||bananas||millet||chick peas||papayas|
|14||onions, dry||apples||lettuce and |
|15||apples||maize, green||strawberries||grapefruit |
|16||cabbages and |
|lettuce and |
|tomatoes||barley||cabbages and |
|broad beans, |
|cabbages and other brassicas|
|17||oranges||cotton lint||mushrooms and |
|lemons and |
|chick peas||oranges||onions, dry|
|18||grapes||onions, dry||cucumbers |
|peas, dry||carrots and |
|rapeseed||onions, dry||string beans|
|20||rapeseed||watermelons||triticale||peaches and |
|okra||peas, dry||taro (cocoyam)|
Maize refers to mature
corn grains as distinguished from green maize which includes sweet corn. Cassava should refer to cassava
roots there being a separate entry for cassava leaves.
For clarity, the rank numbers in the above table are not necessarily the same rank provided in the FAOStat lists (link to FAOStat Home page is provided below). However, all of the commodities listed in this table are among the top 50 agricultural commodities which FAOStat listed for each of the specified region. The year 2012 is its most recent release of production statistics. Further, the table does not specify the mode of disposal of any commodity, i.e., whether mainly domestic or exported.
Source: FAOSTAT. 2014. Food and Agricultural commodities production /Commodities by regions. Retrieved Aug. 19, 2014 from http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/home/E.