the top 20 food and agricultural commodities produced 
in these countries around the world

Wonder what are the different food and agricultural commodities produced worldwide? Wonder which of these top the list and which any country produce most? Which of these commodities are crop based, that is, derived from agricultural crops? 

What are the top commodities produced in, by way of example, the United States of America, United Kingdom, South Africa, India, Australia and the Philippines? Want also to know what possibly are the major crops in the world and in any country?

Seeking to shed light on these questions, I referred to the online lists provided by FAOStat, the statistics division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. From its top 10 and top 50 lists, I made a table of top 20 crop-based agricultural commodities in the world and in six selected countries. 

To come up with the data, I disregarded from the FAOStat lists the crop groupings and the nes or not elsewhere specified (example fruit, pulses, and vegetables, fresh nes). These are broad groupings which do not specify the crops covered in each grouping. Those which are obviously animal in origin (such as meat, milk and eggs) were likewise excluded. Ranking is by production tonnage with the smaller number (example 1) having higher volume compared to bigger number (example 2).

Update revealed that now FAOSTAT provides lists for the top 20 food and agricultural commodities production only in different countries.  The year 2017 is its most recent release of production statistics. For quick reference, a table has been constructed for selected countries around the world.

The table does not specify the mode of disposal of any commodity, i.e., whether mainly domestic or exported.

Here’s the table: 

Table AC-1. Top 20 food and agricultural commodities produced in selected countries around the world in 2017 ranked from highest (rank 1) to lowest production tonnage

RANK AUSTRALIA BRAZIL CANADA CHINA, MAINLAND INDIA NIGERIA PHILIPPINES RUSSIAN FEDERATION SOUTH AFRICA UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
1 Sugar cane Sugar cane Wheat Maize Sugar cane Cassava Sugar cane Wheat Sugar cane Milk, whole fresh cow Maize
2 Wheat Soybeans Rapeseed Rice, paddy Rice, paddy Yams Rice, paddy Sugar beet Maize Wheat Soybeans
3 Barley Maize Maize Vegetables, fresh nes Wheat Maize Coconuts Milk, whole fresh cow Milk, whole fresh cow Sugar beet Milk, whole fresh cow
4 Milk, whole fresh cow Milk, whole fresh cow Milk, whole fresh cow Wheat Milk, whole fresh buffalo Rice, paddy Maize Potatoes Potatoes Barley Wheat
5 Rapeseed Cassava Barley Sugar cane Milk, whole fresh cow Oil palm fruit Bananas Barley Grapes Potatoes Sugar beet
6 Oats Oranges Soybeans Potatoes Potatoes Vegetables, fresh nes Vegetables, fresh nes Maize Meat, chicken Rapeseed Sugar cane
7 Seed cotton Meat, chicken Peas, dry Watermelons Vegetables, fresh nes Sorghum Fruit, tropical fresh nes Sunflower seed Wheat Meat, chicken Potatoes
8 Meat, cattle Rice, paddy Potatoes Sweet potatoes Bananas Tomatoes Plantains and others Oats Oranges Carrots and turnips Meat, chicken
9 Chick peas Meat, cattle Lentils Cucumbers and gherkins Maize Fruit, citrus nes Cassava Meat, chicken Soybeans Meat, cattle Seed cotton
10 Grapes Bananas Oats Tomatoes Onions, dry Sweet potatoes Pineapples Soybeans Meat, cattle Meat, pig Meat, cattle
11 Meat, chicken Wheat Meat, pig Meat, pig Tomatoes Cow peas, dry Meat, pig Cabbages and other brassicas Apples Oats Meat, pig
12 Potatoes Tomatoes Meat, chicken Apples Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Taro (cocoyam) Meat, chicken Meat, pig Sunflower seed Eggs, hen, in shell Tomatoes
13 Lupins Seed cotton Meat, cattle Cabbages and other brassicas Seed cotton Plantains and others Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Peas, dry Onions, dry Apples Sorghum
14 Sorghum Meat, pig Eggs, hen, in shell Eggplants (aubergines) Eggplants (aubergines) Groundnuts, with shell Sweet potatoes Tomatoes Tomatoes Onions, dry Rice, paddy
15 Rice, paddy Potatoes Sugar beet Eggs, hen, in shell Millet Okra Eggs, hen, in shell Rye Lemons and limes Vegetables, fresh nes Grapes
16 Meat, sheep Vegetables, fresh nes Linseed Milk, whole fresh cow Coconuts Pineapples Oil palm fruit Eggs, hen, in shell Pumpkins, squash and gourds Cabbages and other brassicas Eggs, hen, in shell
17 Maize Beans, dry Tomatoes Spinach Soybeans Millet Rubber, natural Vegetables, fresh nes Eggs, hen, in shell Broad beans Apples
18 Peas, dry Coffee, green Carrots and turnips Onions, dry Fruit, fresh nes Sugar cane Pumpkins, squash and gourds Onions, dry Pears Meat, sheep Oranges
19 Bananas Eggs, hen, in shell Apples Garlic Groundnuts, in shell Potatoes Fruit, fresh nes Cucumbers and gherkins Maize, green Pulses, nes Maize, green
20 Meat, pig Coconuts Rye Carrots and turnips Chick peas Fruit, fresh nes Eggplants (aubergines) Carrots and turnips Bananas Cauliflowers and broccoli Lettuce and chicory
Source: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#rankings/commodities_by_country

Maize refers to mature corn grains as distinguished from green maize which includes sweet corn. Cassava should refer to cassava roots there being a separate entry for cassava leaves. 

-Ben G. Bareja Aug. 2014, edited Oct. 26, 2019

I Top 20 Agri Commodities I Top 5 Country Producers of Agri Commodities (1) (2) (3) I

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