list of vegetables: iv. examples of fruit vegetables

Fruit vegetables exemplified by bell pepper.Freshly harvested fruits of bell pepper

Fruit vegetables are collectively one of the many high-value crops that entrepreneurial farmers grow. Consequently, many companies engage in the breeding of superior varieties of vegetable crops such as tomato, eggplant, peppers (Capsicum), bitter gourd, bottle gourd, string beans, and many more.

These vegetables are a common scene in wet market stalls. Likewise, these are commonly grown in residential backyards. Some even utilize the boundary fences as trellises for such climbing plants as string beans or pole sitao, lima beans, and winged bean. Standing trees are likewise used for climbers with relatively large fruits like bottle gourd, luffa and chayote.

But did you know that one fruit vegetable became the subject of a legal controversy? In the case of tomato, the issue of whether it was a fruit or a vegetable had to be decided by the US Supreme Court. Click here to read.

Examples of Fruit Vegetables

Listed in Table LV-4 are examples of fruit vegetables. The list is not exhaustive.

Table LV-4. Examples of fruit vegetables from which botanical fruits are harvested for culinary uses.

CROP NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME FAMILY COLLECTIVE NAME FOR MEMBERS
OF THE FAMILY, OTHER INFO

Examples of Fruit Vegetables

Bottle gourd, upo Lagenaria siceraria Cucurbitaceae Cucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits
Breadnut, Seeded breadfruit, camansi Artocarpus altilis Moraceae Mulberry family
Charantia, bitter melon, bitter gourd, ampalaya Momordica charantia Cucurbitaceae Cucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits; the leaves with young stems are also eaten blanched or as ingredient in many vegetable dishes.
Chayote Sechium edule Cucurbitaceae Cucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits; chayote tops consisting of young leaves and stems are also cooked as vegetable.
Cucumber Cucumis sativus Cucurbitaceae Cucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits; usually consumed raw but also cooked as an ingredient in some food recipes.
Eggplant, aubergine Solanum melongena Solanaceae Nightshade family, also called Solanaceous crops
Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Moraceae Mulberry family; mainly grown for the production of ripe fruit but young fruits are cooked as vegetable.
Luffa, loofah, sponge gourd, patola Luffa acutangula Cucurbitaceae Cucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits
Okra, Lady's finger, gumbo Abelmoschus esculentus Malvaceae Mallow family
Papaya, pawpaw Carica papaya Caricaceae largely grown for the production of ripe fruit but young fruits are commomly cooked alone or as ingredient of many food recipes.
Bell/Sweet Pepper Capsicum annuum, Grossum group Solanaceae Nightshade family, also called Solanaceous crops
Hot/Chili Pepper Capsicum annuum, Longum group Solanaceae Nightshade family, also called Solanaceous crops
Pumpkin Cucurbita pepo Cucurbitaceae Cucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits
Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum Solanaceae Nightshade family, also called Solanaceous crops
Squash, kalabasa Cucurbita maxima Cucurbitaceae Cucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits
Snap bean, kidney bean Phaseolus vulgaris Fabaceae/Leguminosae Bean/Pea family, also called Legumes
String bean, Pole sitao, yardlong bean, sitaw Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedales Fabaceae/Leguminosae Bean/Pea family, also called Legumes
Sweet corn Zea mays Poaceae/Gramineae Grass family; young ears, or “baby corn”, and “green corn” are also harvested from flint- and dent-type corn varieties.
Winged bean Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Fabaceae/Leguminosae Bean/Pea family, also called Legumes

Click here to read What is a Fruit

REFERENCES

  1. HILL A. 1972. Economic Botany. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. 560 p.
  2. PEEL L. 2004. HarperCollins Practical Gardener: Kitchen Garden. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers Inc. 176 p.
  3. SIMPSON MG. 2010. Plant Systematics. 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Inc. 740 p.
  4. The Essential Gardening Encyclopedia. 2003. San Francisco, CA: Fog City Press. 608 p.

(Ben G. Bareja, June 20, 2015)

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