List of Vegetables: IV. Examples of Fruit Vegetables

Fruit vegetables are collectively one of the many high-value crops that entrepreneurial farmers grow.

Consequently, many companies engage in the breeding of superior varieties of vegetable crops such as tomato, eggplant, peppers (Capsicum), bitter gourd, bottle gourd, string beans, and many more.

bell pepper
Freshly harvested fruits of bell pepper

These vegetables are a common scene in wet market stalls. Likewise, these are commonly grown in residential backyards.

Some even utilize the boundary fences as trellises for climbing plants such as string beans or pole sitao, lima beans, and winged beans.

Standing trees are likewise used for climbers with relatively large fruits like bottle gourd, luffa, and chayote.

But did you know that one fruit vegetable became the subject of a legal controversy?

In the case of tomatoes, the issue of whether it was a fruit or a vegetable had to be decided by the US Supreme CourtClick here to read.

Examples of Fruit Vegetables

Listed in Table LV-4 are examples of fruit vegetables. The list is not exhaustive.

Table LV-4. Examples of fruit vegetables from which botanical fruits are harvested for culinary uses.

Crop NameScientific NameFamilyCollective Name for Members of the Family, Other Info
Bottle gourd, upoLagenaria sicerariaCucurbitaceaeCucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits
Breadnut, Seeded breadfruit, camansiArtocarpus altilisMoraceaeMulberry family
Charantia, bitter melon, bitter gourd, ampalayaMomordica charantiaCucurbitaceaeCucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits; the leaves with young stems are also eaten blanched or as ingredient in many vegetable dishes.
ChayoteSechium eduleCucurbitaceaeCucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits; chayote tops consisting of young leaves and stems are also cooked as vegetable.
CucumberCucumis sativusCucurbitaceaeCucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits; usually consumed raw but also cooked as an ingredient in some food recipes.
Eggplant, aubergineSolanum melongenaSolanaceaeNightshade family, also called Solanaceous crops
JackfruitArtocarpus heterophyllusMoraceaeMulberry family; mainly grown for the production of ripe fruit but young fruits are cooked as vegetable.
Luffa, loofah, sponge gourd, patolaLuffa acutangulaCucurbitaceaeCucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits
Okra, Lady’s finger, gumboAbelmoschus esculentusMalvaceaeMallow family
Papaya, pawpawCarica papayaCaricaceaelargely grown for the production of ripe fruit but young fruits are commomly cooked alone or as ingredient of many food recipes.
Bell/Sweet PepperCapsicum annuum, Grossum groupSolanaceaeNightshade family, also called Solanaceous crops
Hot/Chili PepperCapsicum annuum, Longum groupSolanaceaeNightshade family, also called Solanaceous crops
PumpkinCucurbita pepoCucurbitaceaeCucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits
TomatoLycopersicon esculentumSolanaceaeNightshade family, also called Solanaceous crops
Squash, kalabasaCucurbita maximaCucurbitaceaeCucumber/Gourd family, also called Cucurbits
Snap bean, kidney beanPhaseolus vulgarisFabaceae/LeguminosaeBean/Pea family, also called Legumes
String bean, Pole sitao, yardlong bean, sitawVigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalesFabaceae/LeguminosaeBean/Pea family, also called Legumes
Sweet cornZea maysPoaceae/GramineaeGrass family; young ears, or “baby corn”, and “green corn” are also harvested from flint- and dent-type corn varieties.
Winged beanPsophocarpus tetragonolobusFabaceae/LeguminosaeBean/Pea family, also called Legumes
Examples of Fruit Vegetables

Click here to read What is a Fruit


  1. HILL A. 1972. Economic Botany. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. 560 p.
  2. PEEL L. 2004. HarperCollins Practical Gardener: Kitchen Garden. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers Inc. 176 p.
  3. SIMPSON MG. 2010. Plant Systematics. 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Inc. 740 p.
  4. The Essential Gardening Encyclopedia. 2003. San Francisco, CA: Fog City Press. 608 p.
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Ben Bareja

Ben Bareja, the owner-founder-webmaster of This website was conceptualized primarily to serve as an e-library for reference purposes on the principles and practices in crop science, including basic botany. Read more here

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